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多方發力,破解蓄電池回收難題
2020-01-06 00:05   来源:  www.miss9.cn   评论:0 点击:

多方發力,破解蓄電池回收難題近年來,我國新能源汽車產銷呈現快速增長,與此同時也帶來了汽車動力蓄電池回

  近年來,我國新能源汽車產銷呈現快速增長,與此同時也帶來了汽車動力蓄電池回收的新問題。據報道,目前我國新能源汽車動力蓄電池已經進入規模化退役期,到2020年,退役電池累計約為25吉瓦時。面對如此龐大的數量,如何做好新能源汽車電池回收、置換等工作,成為一道現實考題。

In recent years, the production and sales of new energy vehicles in China have increased rapidly, and at the same time, it has brought new problems in the recovery of automobile power batteries. It is reported that at present, the new energy vehicle power battery in China has entered the period of large-scale retirement, and by 2020, the accumulative total of retired battery is about 25 kwh. In the face of such a large number, how to do a good job of new energy car battery recovery, replacement and other work, become a reality test.

  在新能源汽車快速發展的大環境下,答好這道考題頗為緊迫。相比較傳統燃油車,新能源汽車以其節約燃油能源、減少廢氣排放的優點,成為行業發展趨勢。倘若電池回收的問題得不到有效解決,不僅可能造成嚴重的資源浪費和環境污染,對新能源汽車行業的健康發展也將帶來負面影響。正因如此,從啟動新能源汽車國家監測與動力蓄電池回收利用溯源綜合管理平臺,到在試點省份探索建立蓄電池回收體系,再到制定汽車回收行業標準、加大技術研發力度,政府和企業的未雨綢繆,都是為了讓退役電池能得到更好回收和利用。

In the environment of the rapid development of new energy vehicles, it is urgent to answer this question. Compared with traditional fuel vehicles, new energy vehicles have become the industry development trend because of their advantages of saving fuel energy and reducing exhaust emissions. If the problem of battery recycling cannot be effectively solved, it may not only cause serious waste of resources and environmental pollution, but also have a negative impact on the healthy development of new energy automobile industry. For this reason, from the launch of the new energy vehicle national monitoring and power battery recycling traceability integrated management platform, to explore the establishment of battery recycling system in the pilot provinces, to the establishment of auto recycling industry standards, more technology research and development efforts, the government and enterprises plan ahead, is to make retired batteries can be better recycling and utilization.

  蓄電池回收,難點不在于“要不要”,而是“如何做”。單從回收環節來看,如何平衡車主、車企的利益就是不小難題。從車主角度,換個電池動輒好幾萬,二手車置換賣不上價,究竟是留車換電池,還是“止損”換新車,令不少車主陷入兩難,也降低了主動參與回收的意愿。從車企角度,根據規定,汽車生產企業是電池回收的主體、負有監督責任,但能不能把電池回收回來,主動權卻不在自己手中。當然回收電池只是第一步,進一步來看如何實現有效的梯次利用?如何避免拆卸報廢帶來的環境污染?把這些問題解決好,方能規避可能出現的風險、最大化提高資源使用效率。

Battery recovery, the difficulty is not \"want \", but\" how to do \". Only from the recycling link, how to balance the interests of car owners, car companies is not a small problem. From the owner's point of view, a battery change often tens of thousands, second-hand car replacement cannot sell the price, whether to keep a car for battery, or \"stop loss\" for new car, so that many car owners into a dilemma, but also reduce the willingness to actively participate in recycling. From the point of view of car enterprises, according to regulations, car production enterprises are the main body of battery recovery, with supervision responsibility, but whether the battery can be recovered, the initiative is not in their own hands. Of course recycling battery is only the first step, further to see how to achieve effective ladder utilization? How to avoid environmental pollution caused by scrapping? Only by solving these problems can we avoid the possible risks and maximize the efficiency of resource use.

  對于這些難題,從中央到地方已經開展了不少有益的嘗試。2018年發布的《新能源汽車動力蓄電池回收利用試點實施方案》提出,到2020年,要建立完善動力蓄電池回收利用體系,建設一批退役動力蓄電池高效回收、高值利用的先進示范項目,研究提出促進動力蓄電池回收利用的政策措施。政策大方向早已明確,具體如何做,需要各地因地制宜、探索創新。短期來看,需要通過政策供給,在厘清各個主體回收責任上下功夫,保證電池準確地回收到位。長遠來看,需要發揮市場主體作用,在銷售、回收、再利用、技術研發等全產業鏈條發力,讓電池回收的制度更完善、監管更嚴密,讓市場有活力、車主有動力。

Many useful attempts have been made from central to local to these difficulties. In 2018, the \"new energy vehicle battery recycling pilot implementation program\" proposed that by 2020, we should establish and improve the power battery recycling system, build a number of retired power battery high-efficiency recycling, high-value utilization of advanced demonstration projects, research and propose policies and measures to promote power battery recycling. The general direction of the policy has long been clear, how to do specific, need to adapt to local conditions, explore innovation. In the short term, it is necessary to make efforts to clarify the main body recovery responsibility through the policy supply to ensure that the battery recovery is in place accurately. In the long run, we need to play the main role of the market, in the sales, recycling, reuse, technology research and development of the whole industry chain to make the battery recycling system more perfect, more strict supervision, so that the market has vitality, car owners have motivation.

  蓄電池回收,既是一個行業發展面臨的困境,也是如何提高治理能力的課題。隨著新經濟、新領域、新業態層出不窮,老問題得到化解,但一些新的挑戰也隨之而來。不僅僅是新能源汽車,比方說共享經濟帶來的安全風險和城市管理難


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